Mount Bromo, East Java
Mount Bromo, East JavaMount Bromo known as the most iconic volcano in East Java Indonesia. It is one one an active volcano between other volcanos in Java Island but it is the most visited tourism object in Indonesia because has various convenience peak to see Sunrise at Bromo and Sunset view.
Bromo volcano located in Cemoro Lawang of Ngadisari village on the road from Probolinggo about 5.5 kilometers, marks the entrance to the national park. Both Cemoro Lawang and Ngadisari are rather picturesque, with brightly-painted houses and flower beds outside.
Mt Bromo National Park has an altitude 2,329 meters above sea level and temperature about 15 - 20 degree centigrade at day time and 05 - 10 degree centigrade at night. Mount Bromo settled inside the massive tengger caldera with a diameter of approximately 10km and surrounded by the Laut Pasir (Sea of Sand) of fine volcanic sand.
The major access point to Mount Bromo, tengger national park is from Cemoro Lawang, Ngadisari village or at the northeastern edge of the caldera, but there are also trails from Tosari (northwest) and Ngadas (southwest), the visitors take the road from Tosari or Tumpang village, when they visit Mount Bromo form Malang or Pasuruan city.
Mt Bromo HistoryDuring at 15th century, Princess Roro Anteng (daughter of the Majapahit King Brawijaya) and her husband Joko Seger fled marauding Islamic forces and ending up in safety. Here they developed a new kingdom namely “Tengger” using parts of their respective surnames.
The Kingdom of Tengger transformed into prospered and their religion flourished, but the royal couple were unable to produce an heritage to the throne. In desperation they prayed and meditated on Bromo Mountain for many days before the crater opened and the almighty god Hyang Widi Wasa announced that they would be given 25 children, with the condition that the last child named “Kusuma” must be sacrificed to Mount Bromo Crater.
After 25 children were produced in last year later, Roro Anteng and Joko Segger broke their god condition and refused to sacrifice their last borne Prince Kesuma. Eventually, a dreadful eruption of Bromo followed and swallowed Kesuma into the crater.
To appease the great God, Kesuma’s brothers and sisters held an offering ceremony at the crater once every year until today namley “Kasada Ceremony” and celebrated in Mount Bromo East Java, Indonesia on the full moon of the 12th month according the Tenggerese calendar. If you are interested to enjoy Kasada Bromo, You can make a booking within 2 months before.
EruptionMt Bromo erupted on 2004, The eruption episode led to the death of two people who had been hit by rocks from the explosion. The last eruption On Tuesday, 23 November 2010, 16.30 WIB (Western Indonesian Time), the Indonesian Centre of Vulcanology and Geology Hazard Mitigation (CVGHM) confirmed the activity status at “alert” due to increasing tremor activity and shallow volcanic earthquakes at the mountain.
Concerns were raised that a volcanic eruption might be likely occurred. As a precaution local residents and tourists were instructed to remain clear of an area within a radius of three kilometres from the caldera and refugee encampments were erected. The area surrounding the Teggera caldera of Bromo remained off-limits for visitors throughout the remainder of 2010 Eventually, Mount Bromo, East Java erupted a volcanic ash on Friday 26 November 2010 until 23 January 2011.
Deformation measurement using electronic distance measurement equipment compared observations at designated measuring points; POS-BRO, POS-KUR and POS-BAT during the period 25 November 2010 – 20 December 2010 with observations from the period 21 December 2010 – 30 December 2010 indicated the shortening of the distance from the POS-BAT or inflation. Observations between 30 December 2010 to 23 January 2011 were reported as relatively stable.
Mount Bromo National Park has an extraordinary attraction until popular as the icon of Java Island, not only domestics visitors enjoy the beauty of Mount Bromo but also from all the world, before you decide to make vacation to this mountain, you can choose private tour to Mt Bromo or sharing tour in travel agency in Surabaya or Malang, then you can make your booking.
INFORMATION :If You are interested to visit Mt Bromo National Park, You must make a booking within 2 months before because this volcano always heavy of visitors. detail information about Mount Bromo tour package, facility, accommodation and other necessaries, You can visit Our Contact.